WHY NIGERIA IS NEGOTIABLE. SUMMARY OF ATTACKS AND CHRISTIAN LOSSES IN NORTHERN NIGERIA SINCE 1980

1. December 18th-20th 1980_ Kano, Kano State_ Islamic Revivalists (Maitatsine group) attacked Christians and burnt churches; over 4,000 Christians were killed and their properties worth millions of naira lost.

2. October 25th-30th 1982_ Kaduna, Kaduna State_ another Maitatsine riot; over 50 Christians estimated dead.

3. October 30th 1982_Kano, Kano State (Sabon Gari Municipality)_2 Churches burnt to ashes, 6 more destroyed.

4. December 26th-29th 1982_Maiduguri, Borno State_Maitatsine riot: over 100 Christians lost their lives and properties destroyed.

5. February 15th -2nd March 1984_ The Gongola State (Jimeta-Yola) _ The Maitatsine group attacked Christians; over 500 Christians were killed.

6. April 23rd-28th 1985_Then Bauchi State (Gombe)_Maitatsine uprising: more than 100 Christians lost their lives.

7. March 6th-12th 1987_ Kaduna State (Kafanchan, Kaduna, Zaria) & Katsina in Katsina State_ Muslim students attacked Christian students at College of Education in Kafanchan and Christians fought back. The fight later spread to other places as indicated here under location. More than 150 churches were burnt and over 25 Christians killed.

8. March 1988_Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna_ Kaduna State Government destroyed a Christian Chapel under construction. This led to religious uprising.

9. 1988_Kaduna State (ABU University Zaria)_Benson Omenka, final year student, killed by Muslim students during Students Union election. Christian students were also stoned, maimed and raped.

10. 1988_Bauchi State, Gombe_Religious in Bauchi State Secondary Schools, Muslim students attacked Christian Teachers and students in GSS Gombe, GTC Gombe and GSS Bauchi and other Secondary Schools in Bauchi State. Some of the Christian students were badly wounded.

11. April 20th-23rd 1991_Bauchi State, Bauchi_Fighting between Muslims and Christians; more than 200 people lost their lives and 700 churches and mosques were burnt.

12. October 14th-16th 1991_Kano State, Kano_The Reinhard Bonnke riots fighting between Muslims and Christians as Muslim activists rampaged and protested against a planned revival meeting during which a German Evangelist, Reinhard Bonnke, was expected to be the guest preacher.

13. October 1991_Plateau State_A young man from Anaguta was beaten to death on a field opposite University of Jos during election primaries of the defunct Social Democratic Party (SDP).

14. February 1992_Kano State_Many Christians were massacred and churches destroyed.

15. February 1992_Plateau State, Jos_A young Christian, married with one child, was beaten to death by Muslims as he was going home from an evening church meeting, at Yan Taya junction, Jos.

16. April 15th-16th 1992_Kaduna state, Zangon Kataf local Government Area_What was supposed to be a communal riot between Christians and Muslims and spread throughout Kaduna State. Hundreds of people lost their lives and buildings were burnt.

17. May 18th 1992_Kaduna, Zaria_Rev. Tacio Duniya of E.C.W.A, Rev. Musa Bakut and a host of others were murdered by Muslim fanatics.

18. April 12th 1994_Plateau State, Jos_Fighting between Muslims and Christians over the appointment of one Aminu Mato as chairman of the Caretaker Committee for Jos Local Government Area. 16 lives were lost and properties were destroyed.

19. 1999_Borno State_Religious riots as Borno State government mooted the idea of not allowing the teaching of Christian Religious Knowledge in Schools.

20. February 4th -22nd 2000_Kaduna State_Riots began after a Christian march opposing the implementation of Sharia law. Travellers were killed as they tried to escape from their vehicles. More than 1,000 people died in various clashes.

21. February. & May 2000_Kaduna State, Kaduna_Christians in Kaduna were attacked on two different occasions as Muslim fanatics protested against the delay in introduction of sharia in the state.

22. May 16th 2000_Kaduna_ Muslim youths destroyed ECWA in Kaduna only hours after peacekeeping troops left the area.

23. May 22nd 2000_Kaduna state_ Muslim youths torched the First Baptist Church and Christian homes, leading to retaliation by Christian youths. At least 11 people died and many others were injured in the incident.

24. May 25th 2000_Kaduna state_ Several days of violence over the introduction of Sharia led to the death of at least 150 people. Homes, shops and churches were also destroyed.

25. September 7th-9th, 2000_Gombe State_In Bambam, 25 people died as a result of clashes between Muslims and Christians due to possible implementation of Sharia. Property damaged was estimated in millions of Naira.

26. November 2000_ Kebbi State_Christians showing the Jesus film were warned not to continue showing the film.

27. June 2001_Jigawa State_15 churches and 14 Pastors’ residences were burned down in Gawaram. A similar attack on 11 churches occurred earlier in that year in hadejia.

28. 5th August 2001_Bauchi State_According to the Church of Christ in Nigeria (COCIN), Muslim mercenaries had been attacking Christians in the Tafawa Balewa and Bogoro areas on two occasions. The attacks left more than 100 dead and 3,000 refugees.

29. 7th-12th September 2001_Plateau State, Jos_Muslims attacked Christians. Properties were destroyed and people lost their lives.

30. September 7th-17th 2001_Kano State_Seven churches were demolished; six churches set ablaze by a mob. Fifty four churches given demolition notices and seventeen churches demolished by the Kano state government. The Governor stated that all churches in Shagari quarters of kano city were “illegal structures”, probably due to the religious conflict in Jos.

31. October 7th 2001_Kaduna State_Muslim youths attacked three churches and 10 Christian-owned shops with gas bombs, setting fire to the buildings.

32. October 14th-18th 2001_Kano State_As a result of Anti-American protests, 600 Christians were missing and another 350 were killed; at least five churches were burned during the resulting riots.

33. December 24th-25th 2001_Gombe State_A visit to Gombe State by the Israeli ambassador sparked a riot, at least 4 people were killed, 50 injured, and two churches damaged.

34. 2nd May 2002_Plateau State, Jos_Muslims attacked Christians. Properties were destroyed and people lost their lives.

35. May 2002_Zamfara State_The whereabouts of two Christians charged with apostasy, converting from Islam to Christianity, was unknown. Lawali Yakubu and Ali jafaru disappeared after a judge refused to sentence them to death.

36. May-June 2002_Niger State_At least 75 Christians were arrested for opposing the state’s Sharia law.

37. June 6th 2002_Katsina State_A Christian Police Officer in Katsina was clubbed to death by a mob of Muslims after being accused of trampling a Koran. The Police Officer had warned a Muslim preacher to stop inciting violence against Christians. Afraid of being arrested, the preacher fabricated the Koran story to provoke the crowd.

38. September, 2002_Kaduna State, Federal Government College Zaria_Muslim students fought against Christian students discovered tha a Christian was likely to win the position of Students Union President during a student election. Many were killed and several female students raped.

39. October 13th 2002_Kaduna, Zaria_A clash over a student election at the Federal College of Education in Zaria ended in the death of 20 Christian students.

40. November 20th-21st 2002_Kaduna State, Kadoka and Kano_Muslim mobs ransacked Thisday Newspaper’s Office and then began to attack Christian targets, damaging up to 20 churches. Over 200 people were killed and 1,200 injured in the attacks.

41. December 26th, 2002_Bauchi State_An armed Muslim mob attacked Christians concluding Christmas celebration. The Celestial Church of Christ and many Christian homes were burnt.

42. April 22nd 2003_Kano State_A pastor and 6 of his members were killed in a house fire which was believed to have been set by Muslim militants.

43. December, 2003_Plateau State, Rim_Christians killed, houses and churches destroyed, individuals injured and many other damages.

44. February 2004_Plateau State, Yelwa Shendam_47 Christians burnt in church with a lot of houses and properties destroyed.

45. April 2004_Kano State_Reprisal of Jos crisis: many Christians killed, houses and properties lost.

46. February 18th 2006_Maiduguri_56 churches burnt and 63 Christians killed in an orchestrated attack.

47. September 2006_Jigawa State_26 churches burnt.

48. September 28th 2007_Kano State, Tudun Wada_3 killed, 72 injured, 8 churches burnt.

49. December 2007_Bauchi, Yelwa_Ten Christians killed and 47 injured.

50. May 13th 2008_Bauchi State, Ningi, Tafawa Balewa_Six churches burnt and vandalized.

51. November 28th 2008_Plateau State_Over 100 Christians killed, 71 churches burnt, 1,647 families lost their homes, 535 businesses burnt.

52. December 2008_Sokoto_NCCF (NYSC) bus burnt.

53. February 21st 2009_Bauchi_19 people dead, 12 churches burnt, 50 Christian houses destroyed.

54. 29th July 2009_Borno, Bauchi and Adamawa States_A group called Boko Haram killed Christians who refused to accept Islam, burnt their churches and attacked security operatives.

55. 27th December 2009_Plateau State_Muslims burnt Baptist Church at Yelwa and stabbed some Christians on the streets of Jos.

56. 29th December 2009_Bauchi_A group called Kalikato attacked people in Bauchi, leaving 39 people dead and houses burnt.

57. 17th 21 January 2010_Plateau State_Muslims unleash destruction over 24 communities in Jos North, Jos South, Barkin ladi, Mangu, Pankshin and Dangi, claiming numerous lives and burning Christian homes and Churches including Bukuru Market.

58. 20th January 2010_Sokoto state_A Christian man was killed in retaliation over the incidence in Jos.

59. 22nd January 2010_Kaduna Sate_Muslims attack Christians at Mararraban Rido (close to NNPC depot).

60. 28th January-1st February 2010_Gombe State_Muslims burnt ECWA primary and secondary schools at Bolori, burnt houses belonging to Igbos at Duku, burnt Yoruba Hall at Jekadafari and also burnt two churches with one vandalized.

“There are people in power in certain parts of the country, leaders, who quite genuinely and authoritatively hate and cannot tolerate any religion outside their own,”

“When you combine that with the ambitions of a number of people who believe they are divinely endowed to rule the country and who… believe that their religion is above whatever else binds the entire nation together, and somehow the power appears to slip from their hands, then they resort to the most extreme measures.

“Youths who have been indoctrinated right from infancy can be used, and who have been used, again and again to create mayhem in the country”

“Those who have created this faceless army have lost control.”

-Professor Wole Soyinka

FULANI HERDSMEN AND NIGERIANS : “Anyone, soldier or not that kills the Fulani takes a loan repayable one day no matter how long it takes.” – Nasir Ahmad El Rufai.

1. 33 feared dead as herdsmen, farmers clash in Benue http://www.vanguardngr.com/2013/09/33-feared-dead-herdsmen-farmers-clash-benue/September 30th, 2013

2. Fulani herdsmen ravage Imo communities http://www.vanguardngr.com/2013/08/fulani-herdsmen-ravage-imo-communities/ August 15th, 2013

3. Over 40 Killed in Renewed Nasarawa Attack, Articles | THISDAY LIVE http://www.thisdaylive.com/articles/over-40-killed-in-renewed-nasarawa-attack/149651/#.UbHHTFEivlE.facebook June 7th, 2013

4. Villagers flee as Fulani herdsmen invade Plateau communityhttp://www.punchng.com/news/villagers-flee-as-fulani-herdsmen-invade-plateau-community/ June 3rd, 2013

5. Herdsmen massacre 17, several hundreds flee homes in Benue http://www.vanguardngr.com/2013/06/herdsmen-massacre-17-several-hundreds-flee-homes-in-benue/ June 1st. 2013

6. Fulani/farmers clashes claim 300 lives in 5 months http://www.sundaytrust.com.ng/index.php/news/13160-fulani-farmers-clashes-claim-300-lives-in-5-months May 26th, 2013

7. Fulani herdsmen strike again, kill two, kidnap others in Benuehttp://dailypost.com.ng/2013/05/25/fulani-herdsmen-strike-again-kill-two-kidnap-others-in-benue/ May 25th, 2013

8. Gov. Gabriel Suswam of Benue on Wednesday alleged that some Fulani herdsmen attacked Agatu Local Government Area of the state, leaving “high casualties including women and children’’ .http://www.vanguardngr.com/2013/05/many-killed-in-benue-herdsmen-attack-

20-policemen-killed-in-nasarawa/ May 8th, 2013

9. Over 100 women, children and farmers killed in renewed Tiv/Fulani bloodbathhttp://www.vanguardngr.com/2013/05/over-100-women-children-and-farmers-killed-in-renewed-tivfulani-bloodbath/

10. Fulani herdsmen sack Imo community http://sunnewsonline.com/new/national/fulani-herdsmen-sack-imo-community/ April 23rd, 2013

11. 10 killed in Delta as villagers, herdsmen clash http://www.vanguardngr.com/2013/04/10-killed-in-delta-as-villagers-herdsmen-clash/ April 15th, 2013

12. Horror: Fulani herdsmen murder, rape and destroy Ohaji/Egbema communityhttp://www.hoohaaonline.co/horror-fulani-herdsmen-murder-rape-and-destroy-ohajiegbema-community/ April 15th, 2013

13. Three killed, houses burnt as Fulani herdsmen attack Tiv farmers http://www.vanguardngr.com/2013/04/three-killed-houses-burnt-as-fulani-herdsmen-attack-tiv-farmers/ April 9th, 2013

14. 5 killed in renewed Tiv/Fulani crisis http://www.sundaytrust.com.ng/index.php/news/12447-5-killed-in-renewed-tiv-fulani-crisis March 24th, 2013

15. 35 reported dead as Herdsmen Clash in Plateau State….March 21st, 2013http://www.punchng.com/news/35-villagers-killed-in-fresh-plateau-communal-clash/

16. Over 100 Beroms Killed By Fulani Militias – Lg Boss | 247 Nigeria http://247nigerianewsupdate.com/over-100-beroms-killed-by-fulani-militias-lg-boss/ March 21st, 2013

17. Hundreds Flee As Clash Between Herdsmen And Community Kills 2 In Deltahttp://www.channelstv.com/home/2013/02/20/hundreds-flee-as-clash-between-herdsmen-and-community-kills-2-in-delta/ 21 Feb, 2013

18. 30 killed, scores injured in Fulani herdsmen, Eggon farmers clash http://www.vanguardngr.com/2013/02/30-killed-scores-injured-in-fulani-herdsmen-eggon-farmers-clash/ 08 Feb, 2013

19. Two die, thousands displaced as Fulani, Gwari clash in Abujahttp://www.punchng.com/business/two-die-thousands-displaced-as-fulani-gwari-clash-in-abuja/ Date Published 30 Dec, 2012

20. Save us from Fulani herdsmen, farmers plead http://t.co/B04L1pyI Date Published 02 Dec, 2012

21. Plateau: Gunmen shoot 12 Fulani herdsmen, kill 12 cows http://tribune.com.ng/index.php/news/51231-plateau-gunmen-shoot-12-fulani-herdsmen-kill-12-cows Date Published 21 Nov, 2012

22. Fulani Herdsmen Rapé Newlywed In Ogun http://www.informationnigeria.org/?p=36835 Date Published 21 Nov, 2012

23. Flash: 3 Dead As Hersdmen, Farmers Clash In Nasarawa http://t.co/PiAv6PZjDate Published 19 Oct, 2012

24. 30 feared dead in renewed Fulani/Tiv attack http://nigeriaindepth.com/30-feared-dead-in-renewed-fulanitiv-attack/ Date Published 17 Oct, 2012

25. How I was almost killed by Fulani herdsmen – Motorcyclist http://t.co/Nsah6DufDate Published 16 Oct, 2012

26. 2 killed in reprisal attack by Fulani in Plateau http://tribune.com.ng/index.php/front-page-news/46483-2-killed-in-reprisal-attack-by-fulani-in-plateauDate Published 24 Aug, 2012

27. Fear grips Enugu community as Fulani herdsmen kill 2 teenagershttp://dlvr.it/21P2yQ Date Published 18 Aug, 2012

28. Police arrests herdsmen with sub-machine guns http://www.businessdayonline.com/NG/index.php/news/284-breaking-news/42272-police-arrests-herdsmen-with-sub-machine-guns DATE PUBLISHED: 03/08/2012

29. Suspected Fulani herdsmen kill serving senator, state legislator in Plateauhttp://www.punchng.com/news/suspected-fulani-herdsmen-kill-serving-senator-state-legislator-in-plateau/ Date Published 08 July, 2012

30. Fulani herdsmen attack 9 villages in Plateau state http://www.channelstv.com/home/2012/07/07/fulani-herdsmen-attack-9-villages-in-plateau-state/ Date Published 07 July, 2012

31. Oyo to prevent recurrence of Fulani herdsmen, farmers’ clash http://nationalmirroronline.net/news/43744.html Date Published 29 June, 2012

32. Taraba: 13 fulani herdsmen killed in fresh tribal attacks http://www.ipaidabribenaija.com/index.php/latest-news/item/4551-taraba-13-fulani-herdsmen-killed-in-fresh-tribal-attacks Date Published 12 June, 2012

33. ‘Fulani herdsmen kill 75 Tiv farmers’ http://www.thenationonlineng.net/2011/index.php/news/47428-‘fulani-herdsmen-kill-75-tiv-farmers’.html Date Published 22 May, 2012

34. THE MENACE OF FULANI HERDSMEN http://www.tribune.com.ng/index.php/editorial/40782-the-menace-of-fulani-herdsmen Date Published 14 May, 2012

35. Potiskum attack: Fulani herdsmen give Jonathan ultimatum http://www.thenationonlineng.net/2011/index.php/news/45702-potisku-attack-fulani-herdsmen-give-jonathan-ultimatum.html Date Published 07 May, 2012

36. Thousands of Fulani herdsmen flee Benue for C’riverhttp://www.channelstv.com/home/2012/03/28/thousands-of-fulani-herdsmen-flee-benue-for-criver/ Date Published 28 May, 2012

37. Influx of Fulani herdsmen worries C’ River http://www.punchng.com/news/influx-of-fulani-herdsmen-worries-c-river/ Date Published 28 May, 2012

38. C’River to ‘repatriate’ Fulani herdsmen http://www.punchng.com/news/criver-to-repatriate-fulani-herdsmen/ Date Published 29 May, 2012

39. Plateau State: Herdsmen slaughter family of 7 http://pmnewsnigeria.com/2012/05/11/plateau-state-herdsmen-slaughter-family-of-7/ Date Published 11 May, 2012

40. Fulani Herdsmen Kill 13, Destroy 30 Houses In Plateau http://naijagists.com/fulani-herdsmen-kill-13-destroy-30-houses-in-plateau/ Date Published 03 May, 2012

41. Herdsmen block Abuja-Jos road, waylay passengers http://www.punchng.com/news/herdsmen-block-abuja-jos-road-waylay-passengers/ Date Published 07 May, 2012

42. One Killed, Several Injured in Fulani-Hausa Clash In Sokoto http://saharareporters.com/news-page/one-killed-several-injured-fulani-hausa-clash-sokoto Date Published 04 April, 2012

43. Ogun pledges grazing routes, patrols to curb herdsmen’s atrocities http://www.vanguardngr.com/2012/03/ogun-pledges-grazing-routes-patrols-to-curb-herdsmens-atrocities/ Date Published 26 March, 2012

44. Suspected Fulani herdsmen kill two policemen in Plateau statehttp://www.channelstv.com/home/2012/03/21/suspected-fulani-herdsmen-kill-two-policemen-in-plateau-state/ Date Published 21 March, 2012

45. Delta villagers protest attacks by Fulani herdsmen http://www.punchng.com/news/delta-villagers-protest-attacks-by-fulani-herdsmen/ Date Published 07 March, 2012

46. M-A-S-S-A-C-R-E-! Fulani herdsmen, Boko Haram kill 39 •13 villages sacked in Benue http://www.tribune.com.ng/index.php/front-page-news/37087-m-a-s-s-a-c-r-e–fulani-herdsmen-boko-haram-kill-39-13-villages-sacked-in-benue-20-feared-dead-on-akure-ilesa-expressway Date Published 06 March, 2012

47. Fulani Herdsmen Vs Ogun State Villagers At War http://www.nairaland.com/882080/fulani-herdsmen-vs-ogun-state/1 Date Published 29 February, 2012

48. 5000 Flee As Fulani Herdsmen Attack Benue And Nassarawahttp://www.nairaland.com/815595/5000-flee-fulani-herdsmen-attack Date Published 01 December, 2011

49. Herdsmen Kill 2, Molest Women In Imo http://www.nairaland.com/711381/herdsmen-kill-2-molestation-women/6 Date Published 12 July, 2011

50. Family of 8 killed in Jos midnight attack http://www.momentng.com/en/news/3762/family-of-8-killed-in-jos-midnight-attack.html Date Published 05 September, 2011

51. Fulani Herdsmen And Hausa Traders Clash At Golbin Bokahttp://www.nairaland.com/764634/fulani-herdsmen-hausa-traders-clash Date Published 21 September, 2011

52. Birom People’s Reprisal Attacks http://newsrescue.com/2011/09/birom-christians-eat-roasted-flesh-of-muslims-they-killed-in-jos-nigeria/#axzz203LOiZDEDate Published 29 September, 2011

53. Fulani Herdsmen kill 6 people in Plateau State http://www.elombah.com/index.php/templates/system/css/media/system/js/news/node/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=4321%3Afulani-herdsmen-kill-6-people-in-plateau-state&catid=3%3Anewsflash Date Published 27 October, 2010

54. Herdsmen strike in Ekiti, kill police corporal, two villagers wounded http://www.nigeriavillagesquare.com/forum/archive/index.php/t-49367.html Date Published 21 March, 2010

55. HOW STRAY COWS CAUSED AIR MISHAP IN PORT HARCOURThttp://www.iasa.com.au/folders/Safety_Issues/RiskManagement/cowcrazy.htmlDate Published 10 July, 2005

56. How Buhari Confronted Lam Adesina Over Death of Fulani http://www.naijapundit.com/news/how-buhari-confronted-lam-adesina-over-death-of-fulani

NOTABLE ANECDOTES:

“The mistake of 1914 has come to light, and I should like it to go no further!” – Sir Ahmadu Bello, addressing the Congress in Lagos, March 1953 (Quoted by Frederick Forsythe in his book, Biafra)

‘Having abused us in the South, these very Southerners have decided to come over to the North to abuse us… We have therefore organized about a thousand men ready in the city to meet force with force…’ – Mallam Inua Wada, Kano Branch Secretary of the Northern People’s Congress, addressing a meeting of section heads of the Native administration during the imminent visit of a delegation of the Action Group to Kano, May 1953. (Quoted by Frederick Forsythe in his book, Biafra)

“Since 1914, the British Government has been trying to make Nigeria into one country, but the Nigerian people themselves are historically different in their backgrounds, in their religious beliefs and customs and do not show themselves any signs of willingness to unite … Nigerian unity is only a British invention” – Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa who was reported by the TIME MAGAZINE of October 10, 1960 to have said there was no basis for Nigerian unity and it was only a wish of the British.

“The new nation called Nigeria should be an estate of our great grandfather Uthman Dan Fodio. We must ruthlessly prevent a change of power. We use the minorities in the North as willing tools and the South as a conquered territory and never allow them to rule over us and never allow them to have control over their future”. Sir Ahmadu Bello, Parrot Newspaper, Oct 12, 1960

“I’m set and fully armed, to conquer the Action Group, AG, in the same ruthless manner as my grandfather conquered Alkalawa, a town in Sokoto province, during the last century” Sir Ahmadu Bello gave an interview to the DAILY TIMES of May 3, 1961

“We do not want, Sir, our Southern Neighbours to interfere in our development… I should like to make it clear to you that if the British quitted Nigeria now at this stage, the Northern people would continue their interrupted conquest to the sea” – Mallam Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, 1947, During the Inauguration of the Richard’s Constitution. (Quoted by Frederick Forsythe in his book, Biafra)

Northern House Of Assembly Proceedings, February-March 1964

Below is an extract from the proceedings of the Northern Region House of Assembly between February and March 1964, less than four years after Nigeria’s independence from the British. I have nothing to add. Read and judge for yourself:

Mallam Muhammadu Mustapha Mande Gyan:

On the allocation of plots to Ibos or allocation of stalls, I would like to advise the Minister that these people know how to make money, and we do not know the way and manner of getting about this business. We do not want Ibos to be allocated with plots. I do not want them to be given plots…

Mallam Bashari Umaru:

I would like (you), as a Minister of Land and Survey, to revoke forthwith all Certificates of Occupancy from the hands of the Ibos resident in the Region… (Applause)

Mr. A. A. Agogede:

I’m very glad that we are in a Moslem country, and the government of Northern Nigeria allowed some few Christians in the region to enjoy themselves according to the belief of their religion, but building of hotels should be taken away from the Igbos, and even if we find some Christians who are interested in building hotels and do not have money to do so, the government should aid them, instead of allowing Ibos to continue with their hotels.

Dr. Iya Abubakar (Special Member, Lecturer, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria):

I am one of the strong believers in Nigerian unity, and I have hoped for our having a united Nigeria, but certainly if the present state of affairs continues, I hope the government will investigate first the desirability and secondly the possibility of extending Northernisation policy to the petty traders. (Applause)

Mallam Mukhtar Bello:

I would like to say something very important, that the Minister should take my appeal to the Federal Government about the Igbos in the post office. I wish the numbers of these Igbos be reduced…. There are too many of them in the North. They are like sardines and 1 think they are just too dangerous to the Region.

Mallam Ibrahim Musa:

Mr. Chairman, Sir. Well first and foremost, what I have to say before this Hon. House is that we should send a delegation to meet our Hon. Premier to move a motion in this very Budget Session that all the Ibos working in the Civil Service of Northern Nigeria, including the native authorities, whether they are contractors or not, should be repatriated at once…

Mallam Bashari Umaru:

There should be no contracts either from the government, native authorities, or private enterprises given to Ibo contractors (Government Bench: Good talk and shouts of “Fire the Southerners”). Again, Mr. Chairman, the foreign firms too should be given time limit to replace all Ibo in their firms by some other people.

The Premier (Alhaji the Hon. Sir Ahmadu Bello, K.B.E., Sardauna of Sokoto):

It is my most earnest desire that every post in the region, however small it is, be filled by a Northerner (Applause)

Alhaji Usman Liman:

What brought the Ibos into this region? They were here since the colonial days. Had it not been for the colonial rule, there would hardly have been any Ibo in this region. Now that there is no colonial rule, the Ibos should go back to their region. There should be no hesitation about the matter. Mr. Chairman, North is for Northerners, East for Easterners, West for Westerners, and the Federation is for us all. (Applause)

The Minister of Land and Survey (Alhaji the Hon. Ibrahim Musa Cashash, O.B.E.):

Mr. Chairman. Sir, I do not like to take up much of the time of this House in making explanations, but I would like to assure members that having heard their demands about Ibos holding land in Northern Nigeria, my ministry will do all it can to see that the demands of members are met. How to do this, when to do it, al1 these should not be disclosed. In due course, you will all see what will happen. (Applause)

Culled from M. O. Onyenakeya, Igbos in Nigerian Politics, pp.30-32

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